Cervical Dystonia (or Torticollis) is a specific form of muscle tightness that affects the head and neck. Cervical Dystonia produces excessive muscle contractions in the neck. These muscle contractions cause involuntary movements and awkward positions of the head, neck, and sometimes shoulders.
Cervical Dystonia may cause the:
• Neck to twist or tilt to the side
• Head to tip forward or back
• Shoulder to elevate toward the ear
• Head to tremor back and forth
Cervical Dystonia is among the most common forms of dystonia seen in movement disorder clinics. The condition may occur spontaneously, after neck injury, or after a surgical procedure. Cervical Dystonia is sometimes referred to as Spasmodic Torticollis.
The best treatment for Cervical Dystonia involves the use of Botulinum toxin injections to the affected muscles. Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin. The treatment involves careful injection of dilute medication into specific muscles of the neck. This causes some chemical denervation that temporarily alleviates over-contraction of some muscles, and may alleviate tightness in these muscle that are causing pain, stiffness and headache.
There are several Botulinum Toxins that are currently FDA approved for treatment of Cervical Dystonia and other Spasticity conditions including:
Your doctors at Nashville Neuroscience Group will determine the best treatment for your condition.